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Call for joint efforts: I welcome research collaboration ideas/proposals directly contributing to these themes. While my bandwidth of energy and knowledge has been overloaded, the list of projects is still far from being complete, with many integral parts to be filled. I have listed a few knowledge/technology gaps (i.e., potential topics) on the right, and I am hoping interested people to take on them. I am more than happy to offer intellectual assistance without being a co-author. These founding projects will form the intellectual foundation for the network of GoPeaks labs. Please email

Grand Design of the Overall System


·         Vision paper: the key elements of a new business science-practice ecosystem –with Michael Hitt and Denise Rousseau. This is a summary note of a 2017 Academy of Management Symposium with five former Academy presidents.


·         Reinventing technologies, outlets, and incentives of B-schools: The knowledge accumulation problem of the current top scientific journal-centric system of B-schools and ideas on reinventing this system (working paper) –with Michael Hitt.


·         General principles for “best practices” of a research paper


Knowledge Synthesis Meta-Frameworks


·         A general approach of knowledge synthesis for evidence-based prescriptions: In the context of equity-based foreign entry mode, and this project has developed a general template on comparing and integrating multiple theories to prescribe evidence-based “best practices”. It helps consolidate the stock of knowledge from academic research, identify context boundaries, and help analytics professionals to develop a training model for managing and predicting foreign entry performance. The paper is currently under review at a journal –with Yuanyuan Li, George Banks, and Erik Gonzalez-Mulé.


·         A meta-framework of institutions: This project is to synthesize disparate conceptualizations of institutions (formal rules and informal constraints, cultures) and ways to measure their dynamics and diversity across levels and societies. It is a work-in-progress –with John Cantwell.


·         A meta-framework across societal levels: This project is to explain the co-evolution between multinational enterprise (MNE) and institutional environments. It is to develop a general approach to analyze and predict dynamics of MNEs and institutions and their interactions. It is a work-in-progress –with John Cantwell and Harald Bathelt.


·         Potential topic #1: “Management Knowledge Navigator 1.0” A multi-theoretical/multi-level meta-framework to organize key causes, their interactions, underlying mechanisms, and meta-analytic results in explaining/predicting key performance indicators (i.e., Peaks) concerning all primary stakeholders of a corporation. Here “explaining” is based on meta-analytic results of the past, and “predicting” is “explaining” plus explicit discussions of the applicability of underlying mechanisms in emergent, untested/untheorized contexts.


·         Potential topic #2: “GoPeaks Research Ranking” A methodology based on meta-analysis to rate the replicability and relative weights of scholars, theories, meta-frameworks, and outlets in explaining/predicting key performance indicators (i.e., Peaks) concerning all primary stakeholders of a corporation.


Pluralistic Business Performance Matrix


·         A pluralistic performance matrix of multi-stakeholder satisfaction: This project is based on a meta-analysis of 138 primary studies on country-level predictors for enhancing multi-stakeholder performance indicators. The purpose is to reconcile the debate between a multi-objective view of stakeholder-agency theory and a trade-off view of shareholder-agency theory. It helps to build up a comprehensive matrix of performance indicators to satisfy multiple stakeholders. The matrix will be the basis of the pluralistic, multi-dimensional “performance” in Peaks. It is a work-in-progress, with all the primary studies fully coded –with Marc van Essen, Steve Sauerwald, and Michael Hitt.


·         A conceptual map of interests and influence of all types of shareholders: This paper conceptualizes diverse shareholder interests along with the market- and nonmarket logic, and shareholder influence through residual claimant and social means. Because the criteria of measuring business performance are largely influenced by powerful shareholders (or their fiduciary agents in corporate governance), understanding the full spectrum of their interests and influence helps us understand how business performance measures might be selected and implemented in actual corporate governance. The paper is a work-in-progress –with Ruth Aguilera.

o   This work is derived from a series of my publications and working papers on shareholder heterogeneity and conflicts.


·         Potential topic #3: “A GoPeaks Ontology” An ontology of constructs of business performance measures concerning all primary stakeholders of a corporation. It helps researchers to compare and group similar constructs, definitions, and measures regarding performance measures.


Knowledge Mining Algorithms


·         Text analytics of scientific literature: This is a series of projects that seek to train a text analytics model to learn how to extract, compare, and cluster constructs, variables, and their causal relationships from business scientific publications. Results will be presented into a holistic map of causes-and-effects to predict multi-stakeholder key performance indicators (KPIs). A proposal has been accepted for presentation at 2018 INFORMS Annual Meeting at Phoenix –with Wlodek Zadrozny.


·         Potential topic #4: “Research Causality Score” An ontology of keywords to automatically assess a research’s empirical efforts on making causal inference. To my knowledge, not all research in business studies has made rigorous efforts to design or synthesize a randomized quasi-experiment treatment to make causal inference.


Data Analytics Platforms at Workplaces


·         Workplace analytics platforms: I am in active conversations with several analytics firms for the possibility of building platforms for workplaces to integrate and monitor Peaks matrix as well as key predictors and their interactions. The idea is to develop a shared observatory where fragmented analytics data and/or results are harmonized and integrated, and researchers can have their individual hypotheses tested in a quasi-experiment at a large-scale, while controlling for all other variables in a holistic network of causes-and-effects.

·         The practical value:

o   For analytics-based decision makers: to integrate management/social sciences into data for explainable analytics, thus closing the gap between technical teams and nontechnical executives.

o   For the individuals/organizations offering data: to be treated with rigorous management/social sciences-based prescriptions, recommendations, and services.

·         The academic/research value:

o    Retests and meta-analysis of integrative meta-frameworks, concluding a debating field, filling knowledge gaps, and identifying context boundaries.

o    Constructing a digital experimental field for conducting large-scale randomized quasi-experiments to identify new insights.


·         Articles for business decision makers at workplaces:

o   People analytics for growth: Sustaining growth with stakeholder satisfaction metrics (published in Q4 2018 at Lorange Network)


·         Potential topic #5: “GoPeaks Company Database” A real-time database of companies on key performance indicators (i.e., Peaks) concerning all primary stakeholders of a corporation. This will complement the current business databases largely based on financial or ESG reporting that do not speak directly to each primary stakeholder group and are relatively disconnected with the accumulative knowledge in management/social sciences.



·         Potential topic #6: “GoPeaks Index for Strategic Investments” An index of equities/securities based on the predictors (i.e., causes) in explaining/predicting key performance indicators (i.e., Peaks) concerning all primary stakeholders of a portfolio corporation. This index complements the current indices of investment (ESG, etc.) largely based on past performance (i.e., outcomes) rather than predictors (i.e., causes).


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